In 1708, Johann Sebastian Bach performed a
cantata at the annual inauguration of the new town council in Mühlhausen. It was entitled “Gott ist mein König” (God is my King).
It quotes a number of verses from Psalm 74, such as vs. 12: “Yet God my King is from of old, working salvation in the midst of the earth.”
And vs 16: “Yours is the day, yours also the night; you have established the heavenly lights and the sun. You have fixed all the boundaries of the earth.”
It closes with this prayer:
Das neue Regiment
Auf jeglichen Wegen
Bekröne mit Segen!
Friede, Ruh und Wohlergehen,
Müsse stets zur Seite stehen
Dem neuen Regiment.
Glück, Heil und großer Sieg
Muss täglich von neuen
Dich, Joseph, erfreuen,
Dass an allen Ort und Landen
Ganz beständig sei vorhanden
Glück, Heil und großer Sieg!
The new government
in every way
crown with blessing !
May peace, rest and prosperity
always stand by the side
of the new government.
Good fortune, salvation and great victory
must daily anew
delight you, Joseph,
so that in all lands and places
there may be continually by you
good fortune, salvation and great victory!
I just found this piece of paper in an old German book I have on my shelf. It appears to be some Catechism copywork by my grandfather. The Third Commandment is copied two more times on the back side of the sheet. I might have thought that this was during his Confirmation instruction days, except that I’m pretty sure he was confirmed in German. I wonder when he might have written this?
“Yet we dare not in this regard follow the fanatics, as if the human sciences were utterly useless or even detrimental to the knowledge of the Holy Scriptures and heavenly teaching. It is certainly necessary to study languages and well-informed grammars. Dialectic, rhetoric, and familiarity with the rest of philosophy is beneficial as well, and even quite necessary” (100).
“It will also be very beneficial to apply to an obscure place or to an entire writing the Lydian stone of the rules of logic, whether grammar, rhetoric, or finally, dialectic. Since these arts are indeed made known to use through the the beneficence of God and lit from the natural light that is all the time over us, and since they conform with the nature of things and the order that God has assigned to them, and finally, since they accommodate themselves to the human ability for comprehension (as the Sacred Scriptures), they will necessarily be of great benefit to us in the illumination of the Sacred Scriptures, if we apply them piously and cautiously” (111).
From How to Understand the Sacred Scriptures from Clavis Scripturae Sacrae by Matthias Flacius Illyricus (1520-1575). Translated by Wade R. Johnston. 2001.
I’ve just updated my reading list for 2016. The list isn’t quite as long as in some recent years, but there is some pretty heavy reading in the list.
If I had to pick a few favorites, I would say that the most interesting and useful books were Chemnitz’ Church Order and Loehe’s The Pastor. I had been waiting to get my hands on that work of Chemnitz for years, and while reading the Loehe book, I found myself repeatedly wishing I had access to it ten years ago (especially his advice for pastors just starting out in the ministry). Both of these translations were just published this year.
I re-read Bo Giertz’ The Hammer of God again this year. That’s always a favorite. What strikes me is that it seems like it reads faster and faster every time I read it. I’ve probably ready it six times or more now. See this post on re-reading books.
As far as pure enjoyment, I would have to say that Katie Schuermann’s two books were the most delightful. Every Lutheran should read these, if only to get you warmed up for reading The Hammer of God. Schuermann has said that Giertz’ writing is an inspiration and influence on her own writing. I think it shows.
Here is the complete list:
- Grace Abounds: The Splendor of Christian Doctrine (Daniel Deutschlander)
- House of Living Stones (Katie Schuermann)
- Gathered Guests:A Guide to Worship in the Lutheran Church (Timothy Maschke)
- Grace Upon Grace: Spirituality for Today (John Kleinig) *
- The Hammer of God (Bo Giertz) *
- The Pastor (Wilhelm Loehe)
- The Choir Immortal (Katie Schuermann)
- Theological Commonplaces: On the Law (Johann Gerhard)
- Johann Sebastian Bach and Liturgical Life in Leipzig (Guenther Stiller)
- Praying Luther’s Small Catechism (John Pless)
- The Perfect Game (Terrence Moore)
- Chemnitz’ Works: Church Order (Martin Chemnitz)
- Pride and Prejudice (Jane Austen)
- Letters to an American Lady (C.S. Lewis)
- The Devil Knows Latin: Why America Needs the Classical Tradition (E. Christian Kopff)
- The Lost Arts of Modern Civilization: How to Taste and See the Abundance of Life (Mitchel Kalpakigan)
My book reading stack isn’t as big right now as it has been in previous years, but I’m looking forward to some good reading in A.D. 2017. I’ve already started a re-read of The Brothers Karamazov, and I’m looking forward to finally getting to read de Tocqueville’s Democracy in America. I also have another volume of Gerhard’s Loci coming up.
What was the best book you read in 2016 and what’s on your list for the new year? Leave me a comment.
I was asked to write an article on teaching Latin in our synod’s elementary schools, which has been posted on the MLC Issues in Lutheran Education blog.
A Case for Classical Latin in Elementary Schools
Below are links to some of the resources mentioned in the blog post, and a few others.
And a few of my own posts on Latin and Education:
Probably one of my all-time favorite cantatas, with these words of Jesus standing in the center:
Last week I received a Call to serve at St. John’s Lutheran Church in Juneau, WI. I would be grateful for your prayers on behalf of me, my family, and these two congregations.
Every Wednesday, we pray Matins at church. We usually read an Old Testament selection from a daily lectionary. Then I usually comment on the Epistle from Sunday. Today, we commemorated the Lutheran hymnwriters Nicolai, Heermann, and Gerhardt and sang the Queen of Chorales. The other thing we regularly do is pray by name for the members of the congregation.
But every week I look forward most to singing the Te Deum Laudamus. Today, this sight gave me all the more reason to sing, and I think the angels, apostles, prophets, martyrs, and Church throughout the world rejoice at this, too.
A teacher with no Latin is like a blind man flying an airplane. He might land it, but it will be dumb luck, and he won’t know how it happened.
–Mrs. Abiah Kittredge, in Northern Borders